Hospitalized Children and Opportunities to Vaccinate Vulnerable Populations: An Integrative Literature Review
Paula Carolina BejoWolkers1, Jaqueline Silva Santos2, Maria Cândida de Carvalho Furtado2, Juliana Coelho Pina3, Regina Aparecida Garcia Lima2, and Débora Falleiros de Mello2
1Federal University of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil; 2University of São Paulo at RibeirãoPreto, College of Nursing, São Paulo, Brazil; 3Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil
Abstract: The present study aimed to identify evidence available in the health literature concerning the immunization of hospitalized children. This is a descriptive study based on an integrative literature review. Nine scientific papers published between 2001 and 2013 were analyzed. The results were organized into three themes: opportunities to vaccinate hospitalized children; factors against immunizing hospitalized children; and strategies and interventions to improve child vaccination coverage. Hospitalization is an opportunity to identify factors related to why parents do not vaccinate their children and then implement strategies, such as educational interventions, records-updating, immunization reminders, and providing guidance after hospital discharge.
Keywords: Child, immunization, hospitalization.