The Functional Neurometry of Nelson Alves Pereira Júnior: An Advanced Method of Mapping and Biofeedback Training of the Autonomic Nervous System Functions
Valdenilson Ribeiro Ribas1, Renata de Melo Guerra Ribas2, Marcelo Tavares Viana3, José Marcos da Silva Dias4, Ivan Rafael Reis e Silva Cavalcanti5, Marcelo Cairrão Araujo Rodrigues6, Igor Tchaikovsky Mello de Oliveira7, Nery Adamy Neto8, Ricardo Jorge Consuel Pessoa9 and Hugo André de Lima Martins10
1Psychologist, PhD in Neuropsychiatry, UFPE, Brazil; 2Nutritionist, Expert in Phytotherapy, UFPE and IDE, Brazil; 3Physical Education Professional, PhD in Nutrition, UFPE, Brazil; 4Graduation in Pedagogy, Specialist in Neuroscience, FAJOLCA and UFPE, Brazil; 5Physiotherapist, Specialist in Osteopathy, Faculdade Maurício de Nassau and EBOM, Brazil; 6Graduated in Biological Sciences, PhD in Psychobiology, UFSP and USP, Brazil; 7Biomedical, PhD student in Neuropsychiatry, UFPE, Brazil; 8Graduated in Pedagogy, Master of Science in Education, FEP, Paraguay; 9Physician, UPE, Brazil; 10Physician, PhD in Neuropsychiatry, UFPE, Brazil
Abstract: Introduction: Functional Neurometry makes Biofeedback tools already demonstrated in the literature, such as: galvanic skin response, cardiac coherence and variability, thermoregulatory and respiratory interact with each other.
Objective: The aim of this study was to report the historical and methodological aspects of the Functional Neurometry protocols.
Method: A review was made in the MEDLINE / PubMed electronic indexing database and in the Web of Science.
Results: This method intends to synchronize the frequencies of various organs linked to the autonomic nervous system (ANS) to control anxiety. Assessment and training are organized into categories. The categories of the assessment protocol are: 1st) Anxiety Control; 2nd) Physiological Response; 3rd) Baroreflex Index; 4th) hemodynamics; and 5th) Brain Neurometry and the training protocol categories are: I) Sound Anxiety Control; II) Visual Anxiety Control; III) Emotional Variability; IV) Respiratory Amplitude and Frequency; V) Progressive Muscle Relaxation; VI) Functional Physiological Response; VII) Respiratory Functional Capacity; VIII) Heart Rate Variability and IV) Cardiac Coherence.
Conclusion: Functional neurometry mainly allows the balance of the ANS, making it a protective filter of the central nervous system.
Keywords: Functional neurometry, Biofeedback, Autonomic nervous system.