Author Guideline

Standard papers should not normally be longer than 12 printed pages (a page of printed text, without figures or tables carries c. 800 words). The typescript should be arranged as follows, with each section starting on a separate page. Pages should be numbered properly and words written should have proper spacing. Language used is English only. The typescript should be arranged as follows, with each section starting on a separate page.

Title page. This should contain:

  • a concise and informative title (as short as possible).
  • a list of authors’ names with names and full addresses of institutions.
  • a running headline of not more than 45 characters.

Summary. This is called the Abstract on the web submission site. The Summary must not exceed 350 words and should list the main results and conclusions, using simple, factual, numbered statements. The final point of summary must emphasize the key findings of the work and its general significance, indicating clearly how this study has advanced.

Key-words. A list in alphabetical order not exceeding ten words or short phrases, excluding words used in the title.

Introduction. Explain the reasons for carrying out the work, outline the essential background and clearly state the nature of the hypothesis or hypotheses under consideration.

Materials and methods. Provide sufficient details of the techniques employed to enable the work to be repeated. Do not describe or refer to commonplace statistical tests in this section but allude to them briefly in Results.

Results. State the results and draw attention in the text to important details shown in tables and figures.

Discussion. Point out the significance of the results in relation to the reasons for doing the work, and place them in the context of other work.

Acknowledgements. Give References appropriately, make sure the figures and tables included are numbered properly and easy to follow. Provide Appendices / Supporting information.


References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver). All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. The reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.

Journal titles are abbreviated (to decipher abbreviations see: PubMed Journals Database

  • Only first words of article title and words that normally begin with a capital letter are capitalised.
  • First 6 authors are listed; thereafter add an et al. after the sixth author.
  • If the journal has continuous page numbering, you may omit month/issue number

Sample References

[1] Bongaarts J, Maulden WP, Phillips JF. The demographic impact of family planning programs. Stud Fam Plann 1990; 21(6): 299-10.
[2] Yeakey MP, Muntifering CJ, Ramachandran DV, Myint Y, Creanga AA, Tsui AO. How contraceptive use affects birth intervals: Results of a literature review. Stud Fam Plann 2009; 40(3): 205-14.

Typical Chapter Reference:

[3] Rozin P. The significance of learning mechanisms in food selection. In: Barker L, Best M, Domjan M, Eds. Learning mechanisms in food selection: Some biology, psychology, and sociology of science. Houston, Texas: Baylor University press 1977; pp. 557-92.

Book Reference:

[4] Meinert CL. Clinical trials: design, conduct, and analysis. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press 2012.

Edited Book:

[5] Winkelmann R. Health Care Reform And The Number Of Doctor. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2004.

Conference Paper and Proceedings:

[6] Antoniou S, Pashalidis I. The Effect of Natural Organic Matter on the Formation and Solubility of M(OH)4 Solid Phases (Th(OH)4, Zr(OH)4 Ce(OH)4). In: Lekkas DF, editor. Proceedings to the 11th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology. Chania – Crete, Greece 3-5 September 2009. University of the Aegean 2009: pp. 1-8.

Journal Article on the Internet:

[8] Kidz-Med Thermofocus Non-Contact Infrared Thermometer 01500. CVS Pharmacy. [Cited 2010 Oct 20]: Available from:

Web site/Homepage:

[10] United States Department of Agriculture. What We Eat in America. docid=18349. (accessed April 11, 2012).

Issue with Supplement:

[11] Gupta AK. The management of actinic keratoses in the United States with topical fluorouracil: a pharmacoeconomic evaluation. Cutis 2002; 70(2 Suppl): 30-6.

Issue with Part:

[13] Knight EL, Avorn J. Quality indicators for appropriate medication use in vulnerable elders. Ann Intern Med 2001; 135(8 Pt 2): 703-10.


[14] Mitschker A, Moritz RJ, Nawrocki A. Chelated plant micronutrients. European Patent 1411037 A1 20040421. 2004.


  • Abstracts along with other unpublished data must be included in the text and not appear as part of reference section. However its detail may be provided in footnotes.
  • Complete references, ensuring their accuracy, must be provided.
  • We encourage you to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.
  • If you are including more than six authors then et al. will be used after three names (the term “et al.” should be in italics).
  • Be careful with the punctuation and grammar errors. Make sure you proof read what you send.
  • Follow the Index Medicus/MEDLINE for Journal abbreviations.
  • For online citation don’t forget to give the date of access.


  • Anything apart from text i.e. tables, graphs, pictures etc should be referred to as Figure(s) and ought to be numbered in order of reference. Hence the illustration has to be included separately rather than with the text.
  • Make sure that anything on the illustration is readable even when it is reduced to a width of 75mm (Single column figure) or 160mm (double column figure)
  • The illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, so that they may be reduced or reproduced without re-touching.
  • In case you are including photographs, the original has to be submitted since its photocopies are not acceptable. The photograph must have a scale on it so that they can easily be reproduced in black and white or coloured form. Of course the cost would increase in case of coloured photographs.
  • The figure has to be clear especially if it’s a graph. Hence it is advised to avoid shading and use black ink. Also make sure you print on a clear white page.
  • The figures must have a caption that is to be provided on a separate sheet. The illustration should be have the author’s name on its back and is supposed to be clearly marked.


The proofs will be sent to the author and has to be sent back within 48 hours after reviewing. The author is supposed to enlist their queries if any, which would be answered in detail. The authors should make sure that they check the final form before its return because late correction may not get included. The corrections should be solely of typesetting errors hence other changes would be at the responsibility of the author.

Processing Fee

Once the manuscript is final after having gone through peer review and the editorial approval it will be subjected to its processing fee.

Plagiarism Policy:

Plagiarism is defined as the unacknowledged use of the work of others as if this were your own original work.

  • Examples of plagiarism:
    Copying and pasting from the Internet and posting somewhere else without proper citation
    Mentioning your name on another person’s essay or project
    Copying exact wording – varbatim – from another individual’s work / text
    Using another person’s tables, diagram,sounds,photo or ideas without proper references / citations
    Purchasing another person’s text and using it as your own
  • By submitting paper for publication to the journal, Scholar (s) / Author(s) certify that :
    I/We know that plagiarism is the use of another person’s idea or published work and to pretend that it is one’s own.
    I/We are fully aware that plagiarism is wrong
    I/ We declare that each contribution to your project from the work(s) of other peoples published works or unpublished sources have been acknowledged and source of information have been referenced.
    I/We certify that you are solely responsible for any incomplete reference that may remain in my/our work
  • Anti-plagiarism declaration:
    I have read and understood the rules on plagiarism. I hereby declare that this piece of written work is the result of my own independent scholarly work, and that in all cases material from the work of others is acknowledged, and quotations and paraphrases are clearly indicated.

No material other than that listed has been used. This written work has not previously yet been published.

Open Access:

Open access publishing allows an immediate, worldwide, barrier-free, open access to the full text of research papers, which is in the best interests of the scientific community.
• High visibility for maximum global exposure with open access publishing model
• Rigorous peer review of research papers
• Prompt faster publication with less cost
• Guaranteed targeted, multidisciplinary audience